While the reality of Gladio’s existence in Europe is a matter of historical record, Edmonds contended the same strategy was adopted by the Pentagon in the 1990s in a new theatre of operations, namely, Asia. “Instead of using neo-Nazis, they used mujahideen working under various bin Ladens, as well as al-Zawahiri”, she said.
The last publicly known Gladio meeting occurred in NATO’s Allied Clandestine Committee (ACC) in Brussels in 1990. While Italy was a focal point for the older European operations, Edmonds said that Turkey and Azerbaijan served as the main conduits for a completely new, different set of operations in Asia using veterans of the anti-Soviet campaign in Afghanistan, the so-called “Afghan Arabs” that had been trained by al-Qaeda.
These new Pentagon-led operations were codenamed ‘Gladio B’ by FBI counterintelligence: “In 1997, NATO asked [Egyptian President] Hosni Mubarak to release from prison Islamist militants affiliated to Ayman al-Zawahiri [whose role in the assassination of Anwar Sadat led to Mubarak’s ascension]. They were flown under U.S. orders to Turkey for [training and use in] operations by the Pentagon”, she said.
Azerbaijan was heavily, if unofficially, involved in sustaining the Chechen jihad. Azerbaijan's post-Soviet leadership also had ties to the original Gladio in Turkey - the Grey Wolves of the MHP. Said leadership turned to the "Afghan Arabs", to use them as special forces and infiltrators in their war against Georgia.
I would not be surprised if Gladio B were still running, or had moved onto Gladio C or even D in the wake of 9/11 and the subsequent phases of the War on Terror. But the evidence is...rather thinner than that which exists for the original Gladio.